Bartók: Duos For Violin (CD)

Pan Classics
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Enrico Onofri, Lina Tur Bonet

Béla Bartók wrote the 44 Duos for two violins in 1931. The original commission, by the German violinist and pedagogue Erich Doflein, was for an arrangement of Bartók’s piano collection ‘For Children’. Bartók decided instead to offer Doflein a brand new work.

All the pieces included in this monumental collection are based in folk tunes from several Eastern countries. The form of each duo is usually very simple, assuming the spontaneity and lack of structural complexity of the original folk songs. However, the folkloric character of these duos is not due exclusively to the use of modal folk songs. Irregular rhythm patterns, percussive effects, syncopation, drones in double stops and many other techniques contribute to an evocative and extroverted character.

Enrico Onofri and Lina Tur Bonet – both especially known as Baroque violinists – perform the duos playing on historical instruments, meaning violins set with early 20th-century strings. The combination of gut and steel strings produces a special sound and mix of the violins, influencing bow strokes and use of vibrato.

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Bartók: 44 Duos for Two Violins, BB 104, Sz. 98

Book I
I. Teasing Song
II. Maypole Dance
III. Menuetto
IV. Midsummer Night Song
V. Slovakian Song (1)
VI. Hungarian Song (1)
VII. Walachian Song
VIII. Slovakian Song (2)
IX. Play Song
X. Ruthenian Song
XI. Cradle Song
XII. Hay Song
XIII. Wedding Song
XIV. Pillow Dance

Book II
XV. Soldier's Song
XVI. Burlesque
XVII. Hungarian March (1)
XVIII. Hungarian March (2)
XIX. Fairy Tale
XX. A Rhythm Song
XXI. New Year's Greeting (1)
XXII. Mosquito Dance
XXIII. Bride's Farewell
XXIV. Comic Song
XXV. Hungarian Song (2)

Book III
XXVI. Teasing Song
XXVII. Limping Dance
XXVIII. Sorrow
XXIX. New Year's Song (2)
XXX. New Year's Song (3)
XXXI. New Year's Song (4)
XXXII. Dance from Máramaros
XXXIII. Harvest Song
XXXIV. Enumerating Song
XXXV. Ruthenian Kolomejka
XXXVI. Bagpipes & Variant

Book IV
XXXVII. Prelude and Canon
XXXVIII. Romanian Whirling Dance
XXXIX. Serbian Dance
XL. Walachian Dance
XLI. Scherzo
XLII. Arabian Song
XLIII. Pizzicato
XLIV. Ardeleana (Transylvanian Dance)

Vivaldi: Sonata Prima in F major for two violins and optional bass RV 70

I. Allegro
II. Larghetto
III. Allegro molto